As a condition of their employment, California school teachers must pay a portion of their union dues to support political activism that runs counter to their own personal convictions. That’s because the U.S. Supreme Court effectively carved out an exception to the First Amendment where labor law is concerned in a series of decisions that reach back to the mid-20th Century. That’s why classroom instructors like Harlan Elrich feel disadvantaged each Election Day. But this could all begin to change in just a few weeks if a pending legal complaint gains traction, as is widely expected.
A Canadian mother who sent her two children to school with nutritious lunches of roast beef, potatoes, carrots and oranges was fined $10 for failing to include a grain under the government’s health standards.
In 2005 Bush and Republicans wanted to use a simple 51 majority to avoid filibusters dubbed the “Nuclear Option” by Democrats.
Senator Obama told the chamber in 2005,
“The nuclear option was not what the Founders had in mind. It will poison Washington.”
Fifty-two Senate independents and Democrats – including Indiana Sen. Joe Donnelly — voted to weaken the power of the filibuster. The change reduces the threshold from 60 votes to 51 votes for Senate approval of executive and judicial nominees against unanimous GOP opposition. Three Democrats — Sens. Mark Pryor of Arkansas, Joe Manchin of West Virginia and Carl Levin of Michigan — opposed the change.